Osteopenia/Osteoporosis is a silent disease affecting the strength and thickness of the bones. It occurs in 50% of females and 20% of males by the age of 50 years, with incidence increasing with age. It has multiple risk factors including but not limited to; hormonal changes, lack of calcium and Vitamin D intake, lack of weight bearing exercise, smoking and family history. Diagnosis is done via a DXA Scan.
Physiotherapy and correct medical management can help to maintain and improve bone density and prevent further deterioration.