Bone Health

Bone Health

Osteopenia/Osteoporosis is a silent disease affecting the strength and thickness of the bones. It occurs in 50% of females and 20% of males by the age of 50 years, with incidence increasing with age. It has multiple risk factors including but not limited to; hormonal changes, lack of calcium and Vitamin D intake, lack of weight bearing exercise, smoking and family history. Diagnosis is done via a DXA Scan.

Physiotherapy and correct medical management can help to maintain and improve bone density and prevent further deterioration.

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Unexplained broken bones
  • Loss of height >2cm
  • Sudden, severe episodes of back pain
  • Development of a “hump” in the back


  • Diet and lifestyle advice
  • Specific exercises
  • Balance training
  • Posture correction
  • Education regarding bone health

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